Mucus is a yellowish, gelatinous colloid which can be found in a number of organs in the body such as the large intestine, lungs, etc.
Mucus is produced by the mucous membrane. The inner wall of the intestine is shielded by the mucus which helps to lubricate the intestinal tracts and makes for easier removal of stool.
Generally the urine is a clear fluid, but the formation of mucus in urine can give it a cloudy appearance. Mucus in urine can be a symptom of problems within the excretory system, the immune system or the reproductive system. Mucus in urine can also be an indication of Calculi, Cystitus or infection of the urinary tract.
Causes for Mucus in urine
Traces of mucus may sometimes be detected in decal material, and it may be considered as normal. However, the occurrence of mucus in urine is not normal. Proper diagnosis is important to determine the particular cause of mucus in urine.
Some of the possible reasons for the presence of mucus in urine are discussed below:
- Urinary Tract infection or UTI: A bacterial infection of the urinary system can result in mucus in urine. The urinary system consists of a number of components such as the bladder, kidneys, ureters and the urethra. Though the bacteria can affect any part of the urinary system, generally it infects the urinary bladder first and then it spreads to other parts of the urinary system. The most common symptom of urinary tract infection is the sensation of pain while elimination of urine. Here is more information on urinary tract infection in women
- Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS: It is a gastrointestinal condition which leads to short-term damage of the large intestine. The condition leads to the excess production of mucus by the mucus membranes situated within the intestine. Such excess mucus may occasionally travel down to the urethra, which can then be seen in the urine.
- Sexually transmitted disease or STD: It is a bacterial infection that results from Chlamydia or gonorrhea infection and leads to the removal of mucus in urine via the urethra. All of us are aware of the fact that the urethra is a tube like structure that facilitates the elimination of urine from the body. STDs result in urine that does not appear clear and is more yellowish than normal
- Ulcerative colitis: In this condition, the damaged intestinal mucous membrane causes abnormal production of mucus. People suffering from ulcerative colitis, elicit clear and distinct signs and symptoms, about the inflammation of mucous membrane and formation of ulcers. Such ulcers that form on the mucous membrane tend to ooze yellowish mucus that gets collected in urethra, which leads to the presence of mucus in urine.
- Kidney stones: Certain reports on urinalysis has confirmed the presence of mucus with foul smelling urine in patients suffering from kidney stones. Therefore, mucus in urine can be a symptom for kidney stones or similar kinds of conditions that cause obstruction. These conditions mat elicit additional symptoms such as extreme cramps and pain in the abdomen. Certain cases of kidney stones require surgery as a method of effective treatment.
- Urachal cancer: Urachal cancer is a rare form of cancer wherein unrestricted growth of cells is noticed in urinary bladder that causes abnormal urine output. Tests for bladder cancer/urachal cancer have detected the presence of mucus in urine, and hence even occasional presence of mucus in urine is considered as a sign of urachal cancer.
Treatment of mucus in urine
- The cloudy urine indicates that something is wrong with the urinary system. It is essential to contact a physician, if an affected individual notices mucus in urine. The doctor will then evaluate the urine samples and arrive at a proper diagnosis about the cause of the condition and its effective treatment.
- Deficiency of water in body can worsen the symptoms of mucus in urine. Hence taking plenty of water, close to 2 liters on a daily basis, can cleanse the urinary system and help to flush out and eliminate the infection.
- Whether it is UTI or any other condition, it is essential to build up the immune system. This can be accomplished by following a healthy diet and by avoiding smoking and intake of excess amounts of alcohol. It is recommended to include plenty of fruits and vegetables in diet to drive away infection. Consuming salads made from leafy, green vegetables and fresh fruits like apples, oranges, and cranberries can enhance the immune system, thereby clearing infection. Fruits and fruit juices add vitamins to the body and control infections such as the mucus in urine. Oranges are high sources of vitamin C and cranberry assists in removing the infection from the urinary tract.
- Personal hygiene should be given top priority, because staying clean and keeping the groin region maintained, is the primary step towards removing the symptoms of mucus in urine. Make sure to fully clean the genital area after urinating. Use cotton under wear and allow the area to “breathe.” Use wipes often, as urinary tract infections thrive on the hot and moist environments that can be produced by any type of underwear.
- As long as the mucus is present in urine, one should not forget to use a condom during sex. Ignoring this precaution may mean passing on the infection to the partner. In a nutshell, if the mucus is persistent in urine, it should not be ignored. Consulting the doctor is essential to avoid further complications.