Dengue hemorrhagic fever symptoms, Treatment


Dengue hemorrhagic fever can be described as a complicated and more severe stage of dengue infection. Dengue infection is in fact a viral infection which is usually transmitted by mosquito. This condition is seldom in United States but is highly found in tropical as well as subtropical zone of the world. Annually there are approx 50 to 100 million cases of dengue infection out of which approx 500,000 affected people have progressed state of dengue hemorrhagic fever and approximately 22000 affected individuals die due to the condition.

It is seen that throughout the world that most dengue fever cases are recorded in children. In United States majority of cases are attributed to people who travel to tropical and subtropical region of the world. United States records that majority of dengue cases come from regions such as Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Samoa etc.

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Dengue hemorrhagic fever may lasts for more than two days. It may also be accompanied by symptoms of mild dengue fever along with some additional symptoms. The common symptoms that may be experienced under affliction of such disease may include, head pain, pain in the eye, bleeding, musculoskeletal pain or bruising. Sometimes, even after alleviation of fever, plasma starts to leak from the blood vessels. In such cases wherein body becomes dehydrated, fluid may be intravenously supplied to the patient’s body.

It is believed that there is no specific cure for dengue hemorrhagic fever, but one can opt for treatment to alleviate the symptoms experienced under such physical condition. Such treatments may include relieving symptoms through medication, supplying fluids intravenously or even transfusion of blood.

This kind of severe dengue fever is a life threatening disease. If you suspect prevalence of dengue fever, you should consult a doctor immediately. If you have been to any region, where dengue infection is an endemic, try to get yourself diagnosed for affliction of dengue infection. Incase you experience any of the symptoms of dengue viral infection then consult your doctor immediately.

Symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever

Dissimilar symptoms may be experienced at different level of dengue infection. Initially, an affected person may experience symptoms such as head pain, pain in the eye, bleeding or bruising etc. Some other symptoms that may be experienced later may include agitation, rashes, excessive sweating etc.

Early symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever:

• Muscle ache

• Bone or Joint ache

• Clammy skin

• Pain in the eye

• High fever

• Ill felling

• Head pain

• Loss or reduced appetite

• Queasiness or vomiting

Dengue Hemorrhagic fever symptoms-Progressive

These below mentioned symptoms may be a formidable sign indicating that the disease is progressing to a severe condition. Such symptoms may include:

• Abdominal pain

• Bleeding or bruising

• Anxiety

• Irritability

• Rashes on skin

• Red or purple- reddish patches on the skin

• Frequent vomiting

• Excessive sweating


Serious Dengue Hemorrhagic symptoms:

These symptoms may indicate that the condition has progressed to as life threatening condition, emergency medical attention is crucial. Such symptoms may include:


• Bleeding from nose

• Bleeding from gums

• Fluctuation in conscious level or alertness

• Stool in blood (or black and tarry stool)

• Behavioral change

• Hindrance to mental status

• Lethargy

• Hallucination

• Anticipation

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• Seizures

• Unbearable pain in the stomach

• Bloody or dark vomit (or substances that resemble coffee grounds

Causes of dengue hemorrhagic fever

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a condition which is caused due to any of the four kinds of dengue viruses, namely, DENV- 1, DENV- 2, DENV- 3 and DENV-4. These viruses are generally transmitted through mosquito of a certain pieces known as Aedes aegypti. According to some reports, it is said that the disease is transferable through surgical procedures such as organ transplant or even through blood transfusion. Dengue can also be transferred to a baby by her mother; however, these cases are rarely noticed. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is not considered as contagious as it may not spread by touching other individuals, however, it may progress from mild condition of dengue fever.


Dengue hemorrhagic fever treatment

Currently there are no specific treatments for such severe dengue infection; however, the goal of the treatment is to alleviate the symptoms experienced by the patient. Some of the treatment techniques include.


• Bed rest

• Admission in hospital for intensive care

• Intravenous fluids

• Supply of electrolytes

• Supply of fluids through oral root of administration (depending on the tolerance ability)

• Oxygen therapy

• Transfusion of blood

• Transfusion of platelets


People who are at risk of developing Dengue hemorrhagic  fever

There are number of factors that make you more prone to such progressed state of dengue infection. Here are some of such factors.


• Children under the age of 12 are at higher risk of developing such condition

• Caucasian people are more prone to dengue infection

• Females are at higher risk of getting affected with dengue hemorrhagic infection

• People with history of previous dengue infection

• People who stay or travel to places where dengue is an endemic


Dengue hemorrhagic fever complications

It is should be known that this condition is a life threatening physical issue; hence, if suspected, it should not be left untreated. There are some ways in which you can reduce the risk of developing severe complication by undergoing efficient treatment. However, some of the complications of dengue hemorrhagic fever are as follows.


• Such intense dengue infection may also lead to brain damage if not treated timely and efficiently

• Dengue infection may also lead to a condition wherein swelling and inflammation of brain occurs due to infection of virus

• Failure of liver to function

• Seizures

• One may also undergo state of shock


Dengue hemorrhagic fever Prevention and Risk Reduction

There are some ways in which you can reduce the risk of getting affected by this condition.


• As the infection onset by mosquitoes it is essential to eradicate dwelling of such insects from the surrounding. Hence, you should cover or clean away still water from the surrounding.

• There are specialized mosquito nets which prevents mosquitoes from biting you while you are asleep

• You may also use insect repellents

• Wearing long sleeves and pants will help in preventing mosquito bites


It is any time better take precaution than struggling to treat a disease. Hence, it is better to follow preventive measures to avert the affliction of dengue hemorrhagic fever especially if you stay in region where mosquito dwelling is high.


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